Linux Kernel - 6.6

Linux 6.6 for MPU source code

The Linux kernel for Microchip ARM-Based MPUs (aka AT91) is distributed as a GIT tree hosted on GitHub as a fork of the official Linus Torvalds' git tree. The objective of the Microchip Linux team is to integrate all the AT91-related material in the official Linux Kernel.
Before completing this inclusion process, which can take time, this website provides the Linux4SAM Linux Kernel git tree for AT91 devices at:


linux4microchip-2024.04 tag

Enhancements are added on top of the official v6.6 Linux kernel tag where most of the Microchip SoC features are already supported. Note as well that we re-integrate each and every stable kernel release on top of this Long Term Support (LTS) kernel revision. This means that each v6.6.x version is merged in our branch.

Here is a little summary of the main additional enhancements:

  • Integration of stable kernel updates up to v6.6.23
  • Add support for SAM9x75 Curiosity board
  • Add support for LAN8840 EDS2 Daughter Card
  • Fix suspend / resume for LAN8840 Gigabit Ethernet PHY
  • Add support for AC69T88A LVDS Display WVGA Rev 1
  • Fix DDR self-refresh impedance calibration for SAMA7G5
  • Add ADC hardware trigger support for SAM9x75
  • Fix ASOC: CLASSD platform driver initialization
  • Add support for MIPI DSI controller for SAM9x75
  • Add support for Microchip AC40T08A MIPI Display
  • Update WILC firmware and driver for Linux 6.6
  • Fix VDEC driver for Linux 6.6

Required packages

You must install essential host packages on your build host. These requirements are listed in the Linux kernel documentation with the chapter Install build requirements. You must follow this process which includes, but not limited to, the following packages:

  • build-essential
  • flex
  • bison
  • git
  • perl-base
  • libssl-dev
  • libncurses5-dev
  • libncursesw5-dev
  • ncurses-dev

Getting Kernel sources

To get the source code, you have to clone the repository:

$ git clone
Cloning into 'linux'...
remote: Enumerating objects: 8587836, done.
remote: Total 8587836 (delta 0), reused 0 (delta 0), pack-reused 8587836
Receiving objects: 100% (8587836/8587836), 3.49 GiB | 13.44 MiB/s, done.
Resolving deltas: 100% (7117887/7117887), done.
Updating files: 100% (70687/70687), done.
$ cd linux

The source code has been taken from the master branch which is pointing on the latest branch we use.

Pointing hand Note that you can also add this Linux4SAM repository as a remote GIT repository to your usual Linux git tree. It will save you a lot of bandwidth and download time:

$ git remote add linux4microchip
$ git remote update linux4microchip
Fetching linux4microchip
 * [new branch]                linux-6.1-mchp -> linux4microchip/linux-6.1-mchp
 * [new branch]                linux-6.6-mchp -> linux4microchip/linux-6.6-mchp
 * [new branch]                master     -> linux4microchip/master

If you want to use another branch, you can list them and use one of them by doing this:

$ git branch -r
$ git checkout -b linux-6.6-mchp --track remotes/linux4microchip/linux-6.6-mchp
Branch linux-6.6-mchp set up to track remote branch linux-6.6-mchp from linux4microchip.
Switched to a new branch 'linux-6.6-mchp'

Setup ARM Cross Compiler

  • First step is to dowload the ARM GNU Toolchain:
    wget -c

  • Next step is to add the ARM GNU Toolchain into your system:
    tar -xf arm-gnu-toolchain-13.2.rel1-x86_64-arm-none-linux-gnueabihf.tar.xz
    export CROSS_COMPILE=`pwd`/arm-gnu-toolchain-13.2.rel1-x86_64-arm-none-linux-gnueabihf/bin/arm-none-linux-gnueabihf-
    tar -xf arm-gnu-toolchain-13.2.rel1-x86_64-arm-none-linux-gnueabihf.tar.xz
    export CROSS_COMPILE=arm-none-linux-gnueabihf-
    export PATH=$PATH:/YOUR/PATH/TO/arm-gnu-toolchain-13.2.Rel1-x86_64-arm-none-linux-gnueabihf/bin/

  • !Note: If you already have an old ARM GNU Toolchain need to clean up the PATH with:
    export PATH=${PATH/':/YOUR/PATH/TO/arm-gnu-toolchain-VERSION-x86_64-arm-none-linux-gnueabihf/bin/'/}

Configure and Build the Linux kernel

Now you have to configure the Linux kernel according to your hardware. We have two default configuration at91 SoC in arch/arm/configs

  • at91_dt_defconfig: for SAM9 (ARM926) series chips
  • sama5_defconfig: for SAMA5 series chips
  • sama7_defconfig: for SAMA7 series chips

Now we Configure and Build kernel for board:

$ make ARCH=arm sama5_defconfig
  HOSTCC  scripts/basic/fixdep
  HOSTCC  scripts/kconfig/conf.o
  SHIPPED scripts/kconfig/
  SHIPPED scripts/kconfig/zconf.lex.c
  SHIPPED scripts/kconfig/zconf.hash.c
  HOSTCC  scripts/kconfig/
  HOSTLD  scripts/kconfig/conf
# configuration written to .config

At this step, you can modify default configuration using the menuconfig

$ make ARCH=arm menuconfig
Now, in the menuconfig dialog, you can easily add or remove some features. Once done, Move to <Exit> with arrows and press this button hitting the Enter key to exit from this screen.

Build the Linux kernel image, before you build you need set up the cross compile toolchain, check this section.

$ make ARCH=arm


  Kernel: arch/arm/boot/Image is ready
  Kernel: arch/arm/boot/zImage is ready

Now you have an usable compressed kernel image zImage.

If you need an uImage you can run this additional step:

make ARCH=arm uImage LOADADDR=0x20008000


  Kernel: arch/arm/boot/zImage is ready
  UIMAGE  arch/arm/boot/uImage
  Image Name:   Linux-6.6.23-linux4microchip-202
  Created:      Thu May 16 14:36:06 2024
  Image Type:   ARM Linux Kernel Image (uncompressed)
  Data Size:    5221704 Bytes = 5099.32 KiB = 4.98 MiB
  Load Address: 20008000
  Entry Point:  20008000
  Kernel: arch/arm/boot/uImage is ready

make ARCH=arm dtbs


  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/microchip/at91-sam9x60_curiosity.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/microchip/at91-sam9x60ek.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/microchip/at91-sam9x75_curiosity.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/microchip/at91-sam9x75eb.dtb  
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/microchip/at91-sama5d27_som1_ek.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/microchip/at91-sama5d27_wlsom1_ek.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/microchip/at91-sama5d29_curiosity.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/microchip/at91-sama5d2_icp.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/microchip/at91-sama5d2_ptc_ek.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/microchip/at91-sama5d2_xplained.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/microchip/at91-sama7g5ek.dtb


If the building process is successful, the final images can be found under arch/arm/boot/ directory.

Recent FAQ


Using Max Touch: Introduction for how to use maxTouch. (Sama5d29Curiosity, Sam9x75Curiosity, Sam9x60Curiosity)
Crypto Config: How to configure Crypto driver. (Sama5d29Curiosity, Sam9x75Curiosity, Sam9x60Curiosity, Sama5d2-icp, Sam9x60EK, Sama5d27WLSom1EK, Sama5d27Som1EK, Sama5d2PtcEK, Sama5d2Xplained, Sama5d4Xplained, Sama5d4ek, Sama5d3Xplained, Sama5d3xek)
USBGadget Config: Configure AT91 USB Gadget on Linux and Endpoint order management (composite USB). (Sama5d29Curiosity, Sam9x75Curiosity, Sam9x60Curiosity, Sama5d2-icp, Sam9x60EK, Sama5d27WLSom1EK, Sama5d27Som1EK, Sama5d2PtcEK, Sama5d2Xplained, Sama5d4Xplained, Sama5d4ek, Sama5d3Xplained, Sama5d3xek, AT91sam9x5-ek, other AT91SAM9 boards)
Pwm Faq: PWM Driver. (Sama5d29Curiosity, Sam9x75Curiosity, Sam9x60Curiosity, Sam9x60EK, Sama5d27WLSom1EK, Sama5d27Som1EK, Sama5d2PtcEK, Sama5d2Xplained, Sama5d4Xplained, Sama5d3Xplained, Sama5d3xek)
Using Atmel DRMDriver: Using Atmel KMS/DRM LCD driver. (Sama5d29Curiosity, Sam9x75Curiosity, Sam9x60Curiosity, Sam9x60EK, Sama5d27WLSom1EK, Sama5d27Som1EK, Sama5d2PtcEK, Sama5d2Xplained, Sama5d4Xplained, Sama5d4ek, Sama5d3Xplained, Sama5d3xek)
Using I 2 SC: How to use I2SC. (Sam9x75Curiosity, Sama7g5-ek, Sam9x60EK, Sama5d2Xplained)
Media Controller: What is Media controller and how to use it with SAM products.. (Sam9x75Curiosity, Sama7g5-ek, Sama5d27WLSom1EK, Sama5d27Som1EK, Sama5d2Xplained)
ISCWhite Balance Features: White balance features of the Image sensor controller.. (Sam9x75Curiosity, Sama7g5-ek, Sama5d27WLSom1EK, Sama5d27Som1EK, Sama5d2Xplained)
Sama 7 g 5 Xisc: Detailed explanation of the sama7g5 image acquisition pipeline. (Sam9x75Curiosity, Sama7g5-ek)
External Component On EBI: Connecting an external component on the External Bus Interface. (Sam9x75Curiosity, Sam9x60Curiosity, Sam9x60EK, Sama5d27Som1EK, Sama5d2PtcEK, Sama5d2Xplained, Sama5d4Xplained, Sama5d4ek, Sama5d3Xplained, Sama5d3xek, AT91sam9x5-ek)
Sama 7 g 5 Ov 7740: Interfacing sama7g5 with parallel omnivision ov7740 sensor.. (Sama7g5-ek)
Using ASRC: How to use ASRC. (Sama7g5-ek)
Thermal Faq: Thermal management support on SAMA7G5. (Sama7g5-ek)
Using SAMA 5 D 2 ADCDevice: Using the SAMA5D2-compatible ADC device. (Sama5d29Curiosity, Sam9x75Curiosity, Sam9x60Curiosity, Sama7g5-ek, Sama5d2-icp, Sam9x60EK, Sama5d27WLSom1EK, Sama5d27Som1EK, Sama5d2PtcEK, Sama5d2Xplained)
Using Systemd: Basic systemd user guide. (Sama5d29Curiosity, Sam9x75Curiosity, Sam9x60Curiosity, Sama7g5-ek, Sama5d2-icp, Sam9x60EK, Sama5d27WLSom1EK, Sama5d27Som1EK)
r5 - 28 May 2024 - 10:37:42 - AndreiSimion
Linux & Open Source for AT91 Microchip Microprocessors

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