TWiki Variables » Search » Category: Database & Forms

COLORPICKER{} -- color picker for use in HTML forms for TWiki applications

  • The %COLORPICKER{}% variable is handled by the ColorPickerPlugin.
  • Syntax: %COLORPICKER{ name="..." value="..." }%
  • Parameters:
Parameter Description Default Example
name Name of input field (required) name="text_color"
value Initial color value, in hexadecimal notation for the combination of Red, Green, and Blue color values (RGB). (none) value="#0000ff"
size Size of input field (browser default) size="12"
class CSS class of input field (none) class="twikiInputField"
Additional parameters can be supplied; they will be added to the HTML input field.

COMMENT{ attributes } -- insert an edit box into the topic to easily add comments.

  • A %COMMENT% without parameters shows a simple text box.
  • A %COMMENT{}% can handle the following parameters:
Parameter Description Default
type This is the name of the template to use for this comment. Comment templates are defined in a TWiki template - see customization. If this attribute is not defined, the type is whatever is defined by COMMENTPLUGIN_DEFAULT_TYPE, either in this topic or in your WebPreferences. "below"
default Default text to put into the textarea of the prompt.  
target Name of the topic to add the comment to the current topic
location Regular expression specifying the comment location in the target topic. Read carefully the CommentPlugin documentation!  
mode For compatibility with older versions only, synonymous with type  
nonotify Set to "on" to disable change notification for target topics "off"
noform Set to "on" to disable the automatic form that encloses your comment block - remember to insert <form> tags yourself! See CommentPluginExamples#noform for an example. "off"
nopost Set to "on" to disable insertion of the posted text into the topic. "off"
remove Set to "on" to remove the comment prompt after the first time it is clicked. "off"
button Button label text "Add comment"
emailto Send comment by email. Use comma "," to seperate multiple email addresses. This feature is disabled by default. To enable this feature, please set up "$TWiki::cfg{Plugins}{CommentPlugin}{EmailEnabled} = 1;".  

DATEPICKER{} -- pop-up calendar to select a date for use in HTML forms

  • The %DATEPICKER{}% variable is handled by the DatePickerPlugin.
  • Syntax: %DATEPICKER{ name="..." value="..." }%
  • Parameters:
Parameter Description Default Example
name Name of input field.
φ: No output is shown if the name parameter is missing, but the CSS and Javascript are loaded.
(requiredφ) name="Start"
value Initial date value. "" (today) value="2012-12-31"
format Format of resulting date value.
%a - abbreviated weekday name
%A - full weekday name
%b - abbreviated month name
%B - full month name
%C - century number
%d - the day of the month (00 ... 31)
%e - the day of the month (0 ... 31)
%H - hour (00 ... 23)
%I - hour (01 ... 12)
%j - day of the year ( 000 ... 366)
%k - hour (0 ... 23)
%l - hour (1 ... 12)
%m - month (01 ... 12)
%M - minute (00 ... 59)
%n - a newline character
%p - "PM" or "AM"
%P - "pm" or "am"
%S - second (00 ... 59)
%s - number of seconds since Epoch (since Jan 01 1970 00:00:00 UTC)
%t - a tab character
%U, %W, %V - the week number. The week 01 is the week that has the Thursday in the current year, which is equivalent to the week that contains the fourth day of January. Weeks start on Monday.
%u - the day of the week (1 ... 7, 1 = MON)
%w - the day of the week (0 ... 6, 0 = SUN)
%y - year without the century (00 ... 99)
%Y - year including the century (ex. 2012)
%% - a literal % character
"%Y-%m-%d" format="%e %b %Y"
id ID of input field, optional. "id_" + name id="idStart"
size Size of input field, in number of characters. (calculated as needed) size="12"
class CSS class of input field. "twikiInputField" class="dateField"
Additional HTML input field attributes, such as alt, disabled, maxlength, onblur, onchange, onfocus, readonly, style, tabindex, title    

EDITFORMFIELD{"fieldname" form=""} -- render an input field specified in a form template topic

  • Use this to create HTML forms that update TWikiForms, such as a custom "create new topic" form, or a topic header that allows users to change some form values at the top of the page. A valid form is composed of a start form type, various form fields, a submit type, and an end form type.
  • Syntax:
    • %EDITFORMFIELD{"fieldname" form="...Form"}% - create form field defined in a TWiki Form template
    • %EDITFORMFIELD{"fieldname" topic="..."}% - create form field based on a topic that has a TWiki Form & initialize its value
    • %EDITFORMFIELD{"fieldname" type="..."}% - create an HTML input field
  • Supported parameters:
Parameter: Description: Default:
"fieldname" The name of a TWiki form field or HTML form field. Required
form="..." Name of form template topic, such as "BugForm". Specify topic name or Web.TopicName Either form or topic
is required unless
type is specified
topic="..." Name of topic containing form, such as "Bug1234". Specify topic name or Web.TopicName
format="..." Format string. Supported variables:
$inputfield - rendered form input field.
$title - raw field name (includes space and other special characters).
$name - field name (sanitized title).
$size - size of field or selector.
$value - initial value, or select options.
$tooltip - tooltip message.
$attributes - type attributes, such as H for hidden, M for mandatory.
$extra - extra information, such as * for mandatory field.
See details in TWikiForms#FormFieldTypes. This parameter is ignored if type="..." is specified.
value="..." Initial value of input field. If omitted and if topic="..." is specified, the value is taken from the named form field. ""
type="start" Special case: Start an HTML form. Parameters:
"form" type="start" action="save" topic="..." method=""
action: Specify a TWiki script (view, edit, save, ...), or a full action URL, default "view".
topic: Specify topic name or Web.TopicName, default current topic; ignored if full action URL is provided.
method: HTML form action method, default "post" for save action, else "get".
type="end" Special case: End an HTML form. Parameters:
"form" type="end"
type="..." Special case: Create an input field regardless of the type defined in the TWikiForm. Used mainly for hidden fields and submit button. The nameless parameter is the field name. Supported types:
"fieldname" type="hidden" value="..." - hidden input field.
"fieldname" type="submit" value="..." - submit button, value is button label.
"fieldname" type="button" value="..." onclick="..." - regular button, value is button label.
"fieldname" type="text" value="..." size="80" - text input field.
"fieldname" type="checkbox" value="..." text="..." - checkbox, text is display text.
"fieldname" type="radio" value="..." text="..." - radio button, text is display text.
• In addition, any valid XHML and HTML5 input type is supported, such as type="date", type="file", type="image".
Additional type-specific parameters can be supplied, such as alt="", checked="checked", class="", max="", min="", src="", style="", width="". Consult HTML documentation.

EDITTABLE{ attributes } -- edit TWiki tables using edit fields and other input fields

  • The %EDITTABLE{}% variable is handled by the EditTablePlugin
  • Syntax: %EDITTABLE{ attributes }%

  • Supported attributes:
Attribute Comment Default
header Specify the header format of a new table like "|*Food*|*Drink*|". Useful to start a table with only a button (no header)
format The format of one column when editing the table. A cell can be a text input field, or any of these edit field types:
• Text input field (1 line):
  | text, <size>, <initial value> |
• Textarea input field:
  | textarea, <rows>x<columns>, <initial value> |
• Drop down box:
  | select, <size>, <option 1>, <option 2>, etc* |
  * only one item can be selected
• Radio buttons:
  | radio, <size*>, <option 1>, <option 2>, etc |
  * size indicates the number of buttons per line in edit mode
• Checkboxes:
  | checkbox, <size*>, <option 1>, <option 2>, etc |
  * size indicates the number of checkboxes per line in edit mode
• Fixed label:
  | label, 0, <label text> |
• Row number:
  | row, <offset> |
• Date:
  | date, <size>, <initial value>, <DHTML date format*> |
  * see Date Field Type
"text, 16"
for all cells
changerows Rows can be added and removed if "on"
Rows can be added but not removed if "add"
Rows cannot be added or removed if "off"
plugin setting
quietsave Quiet Save button is shown if "on", hidden if "off" QUIETSAVE
plugin setting
include Other topic defining the EDITTABLE parameters. The first %EDITTABLE% in the topic is used. This is useful if you have many topics with the same table format and you want to update the format in one place. (none)
helptopic Topic name containing help text shown below the table when editing a table. The %STARTINCLUDE% and %STOPINCLUDE% variables can be used in the topic to specify what is shown. (no help text)
headerislabel Table header cells are read-only (labels) if "on"; header cells can be edited if "off" or "0" "on"
editbutton Set edit button text, e.g. "Edit this table"; set button image with alt text, e.g. "Edit table, %PUBURL%/%SYSTEMWEB%/TWikiDocGraphics/edittopic.gif"; hide edit button at the end of the table with "hide" (Note: Button is automatically hidden if an edit button is present in a cell) EDITBUTTON
plugin setting
buttonrow Set to top to put the edit buttons above the table. bottom
javascriptinterface Use javascript to directly move and delete row without page refresh. Enable with "on", disable with "off". JAVASCRIPTINTERFACE
plugin setting
redirectto Set up a return page after saving changes. e.g By setting redirectto="%BASEPAGE%", you can return to base page if your editable table is included by another page. (none)

FORMFIELD{"fieldname"} -- renders a field in the form attached to some topic

  • Syntax: %FORMFIELD{"fieldname"}%
  • Supported parameters:
Parameter: Description: Default:
"fieldname" The name of a TWiki form field required
topic="..." Topic where form data is located. May be of the form Web.TopicName Current topic
rev="..." Get the form field value from the specified topic revision, range "1" to top revision of topic. "0" is equivalent to the top revision The rev URL parameter value if present, otherwise the top revision
format="..." Format string. Supported variables:
$value - form field value
$value(20, -<br />) - value hyphenated every 20 characters using separator -<br />
$value(30, ...) - value shortened to 30 characters
$length - length of value (can be used to test if value is set)
$title - raw field name (includes space and other special characters)
$name - field name (sanitized title)
$attributes - form field attributes
$formtopic - name of form definition topic
default="..." Text shown when no value is defined for the field ""
alttext="..." Text shown when field is not found in the form ""
newline="$br" Convert newlines in textarea to other delimiters. Variable $br expands to <br /> tag, and $n to a newline. Other text is encoded based on encode parameter. no conversion
encode="html" Encode special characters into HTML entities. If a FORMFIELD is passed into an HTML form field it should be encoded as "html". Additional encodings available: encode="quote", encode="moderate", encode="safe", encode="entity" and encode="url". See ENCODE for details. "" (no encoding)

SEARCH{"text"} -- search content

  • Inline search, shows a search result embedded in a topic
  • Syntax: %SEARCH{"text" ...}%
  • Supported parameters:
Parameter: Description: Default:
"text" Search term. Is a keyword search, literal search, regular expression search, or query, depending on the type parameter. SearchHelp has more required
search="text" (Alternative to above) N/A
web="Main, Know"
Comma-separated list of webs to search. You can specifically exclude webs from an all search using a minus sign - for example, web="all,-Secretweb". The special word all means all webs that do not have the NOSEARCHALL variable set to on in their WebPreferences. Note that TWikiAccessControls are respected when searching webs; it is much better to use them than NOSEARCHALL. Current web
Limit search to topics: A topic, a topic with asterisk wildcards, or a list of topics separated by comma. Note this is a list of topic names and must not include web names. All topics in a web
excludetopic="WebHome, WebChanges"
Exclude topics from search: A topic, a topic with asterisk wildcards, or a list of topics separated by comma. Note this is a list of topic names and must not include web names. None
Search topic name (title); the text (body) of topic; or all (title and body) "text"
Control how the search is performed when scope="text" or scope="all"
keyword: use Google-like controls as in soap "web service" -shampoo; searches word parts: using the example, topics with "soapsuds" will be found as well, but topics with "shampoos" will be excluded
word: identical to keyword but searches whole words: topics with "soapsuds" will not be found, and topics with "shampoos" will not be excluded
literal: search for the exact string, like web service
regex: use a RegularExpression search like soap;web service;!shampoo; to search on whole words use \bsoap\b
query: query search of form fields and other meta-data, like (Firstname='Emma' OR Firstname='John') AND Lastname='Peel'
%SEARCHVAR- DEFAULTTYPE% preferences setting (literal)
Sort the results of search by the topic names, topic creation time, last modified time, last editor, parent topic name, or named field of TWikiForms. The sorting is done web by web; if you want to sort across webs, create a formatted table and sort it with TablePlugin's initsort. Note that dates are sorted most recent date last (i.e at the bottom of the table). Legacy order parameter is used in case sort is not specified. Sort by topic name
Specify the number of results to skip. This is done after sorting if sort parameter is specified. This is intended for pagination of results. If this parameter is specified, %NTOPICS% in the search template is replaced with the number of topics matched. Without this parameter, %NTOPICS% doesn't exceed the limit value. No results skipped
Limit the number of results returned. This is done after sorting if sort parameter is specified. This parameter specifing the number of results remains the same in the presense of the start parameter. Assuming there are more than 20 results matched, start="10" limit="10" results in 11th to 20th results are returned All results
date="..." limits the results to those pages with latest edit time in the given time interval. All results
createdate="..." similar to date but it's about create time instead of last edit. You can specify both date and createdate, in which case topics matching both conditions are shown. All results
reverse="on" Reverse the direction of the search Ascending search
casesensitive="on" Case sensitive search Ignore case
bookview="on" BookView search, e.g. show complete topic text Show topic summary
nonoise="on" Shorthand for nosummary="on" nosearch="on" nototal="on" zeroresults="off" noheader="on" noempty="on" Off
nosummary="on" Show topic title only Show topic summary
nosearch="on" Suppress search string Show search string
noheader="on" Suppress default search header
Topics: Changed: By: , unless a header is explicitly specified
Show default search header, unless search is inline and a format is specified (Cairo compatibility)
nototal="on" Do not show number of topics found Show number
zeroresults="off" Suppress all output if there are no hits zeroresults="on", displays: "Number of topics: 0"
noempty="on" Suppress results for webs that have no hits. Show webs with no hits
headingoffset="2" Adjust the level of headings in text of topics found, taking effect in $text and $pattern() of a FormattedSearch. A "2" or "+2" increases the level by two, e.g. a ---+ H1 turns into a ---+++ H3. Positive and negative values are supported. Adjusted min and max levels are H1 and H6, respectively. no adjustment
Custom format results. See FormattedSearch for usage, variables & examples Results in table
default="..." Default message if there are no hits in a web. See FormattedSearch for usage, variables & examples No output
expandvariables="on" Expand variables before applying a FormattedSearch on a search hit. Useful to show the expanded text, e.g. to show the result of a SpreadSheetPlugin %CALC{}% instead of the formula Raw text
multiple="on" Multiple hits per topic. Each hit can be formatted. The last token is used in case of a regular expression ";" and search Only one hit per topic
nofinalnewline="on" If on, the search variable does not end in a line by itself. Any text continuing immediately after the search variable on the same line will be rendered as part of the table generated by the search, if appropriate. off
recurse="on" Recurse into subwebs, if subwebs are enabled. off
separator=", " Line separator between search hits "$n" (Newline)
newline="%BR%" Line separator within a search hit. Useful if you want to put multi-line content into a table cell, for example if the format="" parameter contains a $pattern() that captures more than one line, or contains a $formfield() that returns a multi-line textfield. "$n" (Newline)
encode="html" Encode special characters into HTML entities. If a FORMFIELD is passed into an HTML form field it should be encoded as "html". Additional encodings available: encode="quote", encode="moderate", encode="safe", encode="entity" and encode="url". See ENCODE for details. no encoding

Total: 7 variables

Related Topics: TWikiVariables, TWikiVariablesSearch, TWikiVariablesQuickStart

r1 - 11 Nov 2012 - 09:07:03 - TWikiContributor
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